Stirling, Corporal James ARW

Male Abt 1746 - 1829  (~ 83 years)


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  • Name Stirling, James 
    Prefix Corporal 
    Suffix ARW 
    Born Abt 1746 
    Gender Male 
    Immigration Abt 1750  Cornwall, Litchfield, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Military 27 Aug 1776  Battle of Long Island, New York Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • DAR Patriot_ID=695426
    Military 27 Aug 1776  Battle of Long Island, New York Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Census 1790  Cornwall, Litchfield, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 13 Jul 1829  Cornwall, Litchfield, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Probate 25 Mar 1831  Litchfield, Litchfield, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I630  32 Generations
    Last Modified 1 Nov 2010 

    DNA Tests  Y-DNA-8517 Sterling, William Richard

    Father Stirling, William,   b. 10 Oct 1716, Norwalk, Fairfield Co, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 May 1801, Wilton, Fairfield Co, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years) 
    Mother (Sterling), Mrs Wiliam,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F584  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family May, Hannah,   b. 3 Nov 1748, Halifax, Plymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 May 1834, Cornwall, Litchfield, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years) 
    Married 28 Jun 1767  Cornwall, Litchfield, Connecticut by Thormas Russell, JP Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Stirling, Thomas,   b. 6 Dec 1767, Cornwall, Litchfield, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Nov 1828, Brooklyn, Susquehanna, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years)
     2. Stirling, Daniel,   b. 1769,   d. 1828  (Age 59 years)
     3. Stirling, Amy,   b. 19 May 1771,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Sterling, Isaac,   b. 20 Jun 1773,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. Stirling, Nathaniel,   b. 1 Nov 1775,   d. Yes, date unknown
     6. Stirling, Rachel,   b. 15 Jan 1778,   d. Yes, date unknown
     7. Stirling, James,   b. 10 Sep 1781,   d. 28 Jul 1870  (Age 88 years)
     8. Stirling, Hannah,   b. 7 Jan 1783,   d. Yes, date unknown
     9. Stirling, Anne,   b. 23 Mar 1785,   d. 22 Jan 1806  (Age 20 years)
     10. Stirling, Sarah,   b. 1 Dec 1786,   d. Yes, date unknown
     11. Stirling, Baby,   b. 1789,   d. 1789  (Age 0 years)
     12. Stirling, Samuel,   b. 1 Apr 1793,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Family ID F581  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 


    • James Stirling was born about 1747. In Asa Bonney's Account books, this James was listed as James Sterling, Jr. [Note: This is most probably a reference to his son James - Rick] He owned James Sterling Farm between 1767 and 1829 in Goshen, Litchfield, Connecticut.

      In Edward Star's History of Cornwall, Page 252 - Road to Goshen past James Sterling's and Sam Hillhouse's through College Farms to meet a road in Goshen. Pg. 243 - 1803 - Also road approved through Thomas Sterling's land.

      This pretty much pinpoints where James Sterling farm was: In Goshen 9/10 of a mile before the Cornwall line, a road runs west toward Mohawk Mt. and this road is Allyn Rd. As it approaches the Mountain and goes over the Cornwall line this becomes Mohawk Mountain Road. It was in this area as far as I can determine, the College Farms was located -- That was land set aside by the state for Yale College when the lands were parceled off.

      (Source Letter From Dorothy Russ - 15 Sep 1997, West Cornwall, CT 06796-1610) He was a Gatherer of Firewood on 20 Dec 1769 in Cornwall, Litchfield , Connecticut.

      In Cornwall Town Meeting Minutes the following is recorded - "That James Sterling shall have 39s/6 lawful money for getting 10 cords of good firewood for Mr. Gold, provided he delivers the same to Mr. Gold at or before the first day of Oct. next. He was a Gather Firewood on 12 Dec 1774 in Cornwall, Litchfield , Connecticut.

      In Cornwall Town Meeting Minutes the following is recorded -"That James Sterling shall have 3 5/s for getting 10 cords of good fire wood for Mr. Gold" He served in the military on 27 Au g 1776 in Battle of Long Island, New York. (189)(190) He served in the military after 27 Au g 1776 in Connecticut.

      James returned a gun to the State of Connecticut, replacing the one he had lost in the battle of New York. He was a Committee Member - Surveyor of Highways on 21 Dec 1779 in Cornwall , L itchfield , Connecticut.

      In Cornwall Town Meeting Minutes the following is recorded - "Voted that Thomas Hart, Sam Lindsley, Rufus Payne, Samuel Scovel, James Wadsworth, Maj. John Sedgwick, John Jones, John Wright, William Stewart, James Sterling and Josiah Patterson be Surveyors of Highways for the year ensuing" He was a Committee Member - Schools on 4 Dec 1780 in Cornwall, Litchfield , Connecticut.

      "Voted that Messrs. Sam Scovel, Levi Bonney, Benoni Pack, Daniel Stewart, Daniel Abbott, Nehemiah Beardselee, Matthew Beach, Daniel Harrison Jr., Jacob Brownson Jr., and James Sterling be Committees of Schools for the year ensuing." He was a Committee Member - Schools on 2 Dec 1 782 in Cornwall, Litchfield , Connecticut.

      "Voted that Nathan Seward, Joseph Carcee, Solomon Emmons, Jesse Buell, Seth Pierce, Samuel Lindley, Samuel Wadsworth, James Sterling, Titus Bonney, Andre Youn and Zechariah H. Jones be Committees of the Schools for the year ensuing." He appeared on the census in 1790 in Cornwall , Litchfield , Connecticut.

      In the 1790 Census James Stirling (Sterling) was listed as "James Stirlin", had three free white males of 16 years an upward including heads of families, 3 free white males under 16 years, and 6 free white females including heads of families.

      Edward Comfort Starr corrected many of the misspellings on the census (the census taker's spelling was horrible) and generated a document 18 Apr 1922 to correct many of the spellings . He appeared on the census in 1800 in Cornwall, Litchfield , Connecticut.

      Page 5, line 4 - James "Stirling" enumerated the following 1 male under age 10, 1 male age 1 6 -26, and 1 male age 45 and over. Females were 2 age 10-16, 2 age 16-26, and one female ag e 4 5 and over. Entry in Cornwall Town Meeting Notes on 7 Jul 1800 in Cornwall, Litchfield , Connecticut.

      "Voted that the Selectmen and Proprietors Committee be requested and impowered to lay out or exchange the road or highway from Cornwall to Goshen by James Stirling's and Samuel Hillhouse's dwelling houses in the most convenient place to meet a road or highway to be laid out by the Town of Goshen through the College Farms to the line between said towns. (Description in booknotes describes Goshen's College Farms as being on the border with Cornwall where Allyn Rd. enters Cornwall at Mohawk Mountain Road.) He was Entry in Cornwall Town Meeting Notes on 20 Apr 1801 in Cornwall, Litchfield , Connecticut.

      "... and a highway leading from Cornwall to Goshen by Judah Kellogg's dwelling house through Lemuel Jenning's and James Stirling's lands want making reapirs, it is voted that a rate or tax of one cent on a dollar on the list and polls and ratable estate of the inhabitants of the Town of Cornwall for the year 1800 be levied and collected on or before the 20th day of May next for the purpose of making, amending and repairing. Said tax to be paid in money or labor on said roads, those who pay in labor to have 50 cents by the day and to labor 8 hours for a day's work." He was a Committe Member - Surveyor of Highways on 16 Nov 1801 in Cornwall, Litchfield , Connecticut.

      "Items that Rufus Swift, Matthew Patterson, Titus Bonney, Zechariah H. Jones, Daniel Allen ( Related to Ethan Allen), General Heman Swift, Andrew Cotter, John Calhoon, John Farnum, Roger Catline, Timothy Johnson, Sam Wadsworth, Oliver Hochkin, Sam Ward, Joel Harrison Jr., Joseph Barce and James Stirling be Surveyors of Highways for the ensuing year."

      NOTE: This is the last mention of James Stirling on a commitee in the Cornwall town meeting notes. James served with many interesting people over the years, namely General Herman Swift, Major John Sedgwick, and Daniel Allen, who was related to Ethan Allen. He appeared on the census in 1810 in Cornwall, Litchfield , Connecticut. Enumeration was 1 male 16-26 years, 1 male over age 45, 2 females under ten years of age , 2 females age 16-26, and one female age 45 and over. James surname was listed as "Stirling " on this census. He appeared on the census in 1820 in Cornwall, Litchfield , Connecticut.

      James "Stirling" (he was listed as James Stirling on the 1800, and 1810 census) had the following free white males at home 1- age 16-26, 1 age 26-45, 1 - age 45 and over. Free white females 1- age 10-16, 1- age 26-45, 1- age 45 and over. In addition three were enumerated in " Agriculture". He died on 13 Jul 1829 in Cornwall, Litchfield, Connecticut. He had an estate probated on 25 Mar 1831 in Litchfield, Litchfield, Connecticut. He has Ancestral File number 1J85 -3M3.

      James Stirling married in Cornwall, Conn., June 28, 1767, Hannah May, dau. of Edward May of Cornwall. James Stirling, although a Quaker, enlisted at Cornwall in Jun 1776 , as a member of Capt. Roger's company, in the 2d Battalion, Wadsworth's Brigade, raised under an act of the Legislature to reinforce Washington at New York City.

      The battalion served on the Brooklyn front a few days before and during the Battle of Long Island, Aug. 27, 1776 and was in the retreat from New York, Aug. 29 and 30. It was stationed at New York under General Putnam and narrowly escaped capture and they retreated from the city , Sept. 15. They were posted on Harlem (Washington) heights until the Battle of White Plains, Oct. 28, 1776, in which the battalion was engaged and suffered some loss. James was mustered out with the company, Dec 25, 1776, and returned to his home.

      It has also been reported that James may have served his country in the battle of Trenton.

      When asked if he ever killed a man in battle he said he didn't know, but that once he was surrounded by the enemy and in the fight he saw one man fall at a shot from his musket. Jumping over the body he escaped death or capture. "At the battle of Long Island, seeing his company was being surrounded, he rushed at the British line with clubbed musket and broke through , then threw away his gun and run, escaping unhurt." (Judge Harrison, who had it from James ' s daughter.) James may have enlisted again as their is a tradition that he was in the Battle of Trenton. His early home in Cornwall was in a log house. This he built, together with farm buildings, on land which was afterwards proven to belong to another who had a prior claim . The town authorities, in a desire to assist him, laid out a highway through the disputed property and thus saved the barn from confiscation. But he had to build another dwelling.

      James was a very vigorous man, large physically, a great worker, and could mow with scythe as much grass as two ordinary men could cut in the same time. He sometimes received the wages of two men for a days work.

      Like most people of large stature, he was of a kindly and even tempered disposition and enjoyed a joke. In reply to some remarks by his more excitable wife he would say, "Don't thee bite, Hannh." His half sister, name not known, lived in his family and she did not seem to share his jovial disposition. He made some remark about her mouth which she resented so much that for a long time she would not eat at the table with him. So James ate his meals alone and left the table, that his sister might eat with the family.

      He had one old horse which he had ridden for many years. Sometimes in returning from a short journey with the mare, he would come home, carrying the saddle on his arm, and leading the animal by its halter strap.

      He was a consistent member of the Society of Friends and used their quaint forms of speech.

      In 1776 "James Stirling worked the Rev. Hezekiah Gold's farm in Cornwall and was assaulted by him, for which Mr. Gold was fined." (Sedgwick's pamphlet upon the history of Cornwall.) Asa Bonney, father of Meliscent, who married James son Isaac, kept an account book wherein are many items relative to James and his sons. The first mention, headed, "James Starling Jr . " is dated May 30, 1780, and the last is Sept. 12, 1812

      Hannah May Sterling was a member of the Cornwall First Church as early as 1775. Seven children by her were bapt. there, Ann, Daniel, Isaac and Thomas in 1775, a dau. in 1776, Rachel in 1778 , and James in 1781. A child died in 1789. James Sterling died in Cornwall July 13 , 1829. Hannah died there May 20, 1834.

      Cornwall was first settled in 1739-40. None of the name of Sterling were there among the earliest settlers of the first eight years. (History of Litchfield Co., Conn., 1881, page, 290. )

      James Sterling d. in Cornwall, July 13, 1829. Hannah (May) Sterling d. there May 20, 1834.

      Enlisted at Cornwall in Jun 1776, as a member of Capt. Roger's company, in the 2d Battalion , Wadsworth's Brigade, raised under an act of the Legislature to reinforce Washington at New York City. The battalion served on the Brooklyn front a few days before and during the Battle of Long Island, Aug. 27, 1776 and was in the retreat from New York, Aug. 29 and 30. It was stationed at New York under General Putnam and narrowly escaped capture and they retreated from the city, Sept. 15. They were posted on Harlem (Washington) heights until the Battle of White Plains, Oct. 28, 1776, where the battalion was engaged and suffered some loss. James was mustered out with the company, Dec 25, 1776, and returned to his home.

      http://members.dar.org/DAR/DARnet/pi/PI.cfm?Action=Full_Record&Patriot _ID=695426

      The children of James and Hannah Sterling

      The children were baptized "on his wife's account."

      0002 Thomas, b. Dec. 6, 1767, bap. Jan. 16, 1775, m. Mehitable Norton, Aug. 23, 1790.

      0003 Daniel, b. May 3, 1769, bap. Jan. 16, 1775, m. Mary Bradford, July 25, 1793.

      0004 Amy, b. May 19, 1771, bap. Jan. 16, 1775, m. Ephraim Howe.

      0005 Isaac, b. June 20, 1773, bap. Jan. 16, 1775, m. 1st, Urania Johnson Nov. 10, 1798. m. 2d, Meliscent Bonney.

      0006 Nathaniel, b. Nov. 1, 1775, m. 1st, Prudy Ann Maples. m. 2d, Polly Ann Moss.

      0000 A daughter, bap. 1776 ?

      0007 Rachel, b. Jan. 15, 1778, bap. Apr. 12, 1778, m. 1st, Jedediah Hewitt, m. 2d, Mr. ___ Stark.

      0008 James b. Sep. 10, 1781, bap. Feb. 1781, m. Abigail Maples, Feb. 6, 1803.

      0009 Hannah, b. Jan. 7, 1783, m. Thomas Lucas, Jan. 30, 1816.

      0010 Anne, b. March 23, 1785. (She d. of fever, Jan. 22, 1806.)

      0011 Sarah, b. Dec. 1, 1786. (She d. unm. Apr. 15, 1858.)

      0012 Samuel, b. Apr. 1, 1793, m. Mary Newell, Sep. 1, 1831.

      0000 A child d. in 1789.