King Of England, Henry VII Tudor

Male 1457 - 1509  (52 years)


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  • Name King Of England, Henry VII Tudor 
    Born 28 Jan 1456/7  Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Birth 28 Jan 1456/7 
    Death 21 Apr 1509  Richmond Palace, Richmond, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 21 Apr 1509 
    Person ID I73187  32 Generations
    Last Modified 24 Apr 2006 

    Father Tudor, Edmund Earl Of Richmond,   b. 1430,   d. 1 Nov 1456  (Age 26 years) 
    Mother Beaufort, Margaret,   b. 31 May 1443, Bletsowe, Bedford, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Jun 1509, Abbot's House, Cheyney Gates, Westminster Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years) 
    Married Abt 1455 
    Family ID F16406  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Plantagenet, Elizabeth of York,   b. 11 Feb 1465/6, Westminster Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Feb 1502/3, Tower of London, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 37 years) 
    Married 18 Jan 1485/6  Westminster, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • As great grandson of John Beaufort, the son of John of Gaunt of Lancaster, Henry (VII) Tudor was able to win the throne in 1485 partly by virtue of his descent, from the Lancastrian Plantagenets. (it also helped enormously that he married a Yorkist Plantagenet Princess).
    Children 
     1. England, Margaret Tudor Princess Of,   b. 29 Nov 1489,   d. 18 Oct 1541, Methven Castle, Perthshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years)
     2. King of England, Henry VIII Tudor,   b. 28 Jun 1491, Greenwich Palace, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jan 1546/7, Whitehall, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years)
     3. England, Mary Tudor Princess Of,   b. 18 Mar 1495/6, Richmond Palace, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Jun 1533  (Age 37 years)
    Family ID F37657  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • HENRY VII

      BORN: 28 JANUARY 1457
      SUCCEEDED: 22 AUGUST 1485
      DIED: 21 APRIL 1509

      The battle was over. On a stretch of high ground in the midland heart of the kingdom twenty thousand men had met in fierce, clumsy combat, and the day had ended in the decisive defeat of the stonger army. Its leader, the King, had been killed fighting heroically, and men had seen his naked corpse slung across his horse's back and borne away to an obscure grave. His captains were dead, captured, or in flight, his troops broken and demoralized. But in the victor's army all was rejoicing. In following the claimant to the throne his supporters had chosen the winning side, and when they saw the golden circlet which had fallen from the King's head placed upon their leader's, their lingering doubts fled before the conviction that God had blessed his cause, and they hailed him joyously as their sovereign.

      The day was 22 August 1485; the battlefield was to be named after the small neighboring town of Market Bosworth; the fallen King was the third and ablest of English monarchs who bore the name Richard; and the man whom the battle made a king was to be the seventh and perhaps the greatest of those who bore the name Henry.

      S.T. Bindoff Tudor England PROLOGUE: 1485



      The very fact that Henry Tudor became King of England at all is somewhat of a miracle. His claim to the English throne was tenuous at best. His father was Edmund Tudor, a Welshman of Welsh royal lineage, but that was not too important as far as his claim to the English throne went. What was important though was his heritage through his mother, Margaret Beaufort, a descendant of Edward III. This descent from King Edward was through his third son, John of Guant. John's third wife, Katherine Swynford had borne him several children as his mistress before he married her. The children born before the marriage were later legitmized, but barred from the succession. Margaret Beaufort was descended from one of the children born before the marriage of John and Katherine.

      By 1485 the Wars of the Roses had been raging in England for many years between the Houses of York and Lancaster. The Lancastrian Henry later took for his bride Elizabeth of York thereby uniting the houses.

      The real matter was decided on the battlefield, at the Battle of Bosworth Field. It was here that Henry and his forces met with Richard III and Henry won the crown. (see quotation above) It was truly through the defeat of Richard and the 'right of conquest' that Henry claimed the throne. It was solidified however, by his marriage to Elizabeth of York, the eldest child of the late King Edward IV.

      The main problem facing Henry was restoring faith and strength in the monarchy. He also had to deal with other claimants, with some of them having a far stronger claim than his own. To deal with this, Henry strengthened the government and his own power, at the expense of the nobles. Henry also had to deal with a treasury that was nearly bankrupt. The English monarchy had never been one of the wealthiest of Europe and even more so after the War of the Roses. Through his monetary strategy, Henry managed to steadily accumulate wealth during his reign, so that by the time he died, he left a considerable fortune to his son, Henry VIII.

      It could be debated whether or not Henry VII was a great king, but he was clearly a successful king. He had several goals that he had accomplished by the end of his reign. He had established a new dynasty after 30 years of struggle, he had strengthened the judicial system as well as the treasury and had successfully denied all the other claimants to his throne. The monarchy that he left to his son was a fairly secure one and most definitely a wealthy one.

      Henry had seven children by Elizabeth of York, four of whom survived infancy: Arthur, who died shortly after his marriage to Catherine of Aragon (a point of some importance during "The Divorce"), Henry, Margaret and Mary.

      + + + + + + +

      There were four children of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, by his mistress, Catherine (Roet) Swynford, whom Gaunt later married (on 13 January 1396) as his third wife, at which time their four (grown) children were legitimized, taking the surname Beaufort. After John of Gaunt's death, however, the four Beauforts were barred from succession to the English throne by their half-brother King
      Henry IV. Nevertheless, John Beaufort's (the eldest of the four children) great-grandson Henry (VII) Tudor was able to win the throne in 1485 partly by virtue of his descent, through John Beaufort from the Lancastrian Plantagenets. (it also helped enormously that he married a Yorkist Plantagenet Princess).

      REF: British Monarchy Official Website:

      Although supported by Lancastrians and Yorkists alienated by Richard III's usurpation, Henry VII's first task was to secure his position. In 1486 he married Elizabeth of York, eldest daughter of Edward IV, thus uniting the Houses of York and Lancaster. Henry's reign (1485-1509) was troubled by revolts, sometimes involving pretenders (such as Perkin Warbeck and Lambert Simnel) who impersonated Edward V or his brother. In 1485, Henry formed a personal bodyguard from his followers known as the 'Yeomen of the Guard' (the oldest military corps in existence today).

      Henry strengthened the power of the monarchy by using traditional methods of government to tighten royal administration and increase revenues (reportedly including a daily examination of accounts). Royal income rose from an annual average of £52,000 to £142,000 by the end of Henry's reign. Little cooperation between king and parliament was required; during Henry's reign of 24 years, seven parliaments sat for some ten and a half months. Henry used dynastic royal marriages to establish his dynasty in England, and help maintain peace. One daughter, Margaret, was married to James IV of Scotland (from whom Mary, Queen of Scots and her son, James VI of Scotland and James I of England, were descended); the other daughter married Louis XII of France. Henry spent money shrewdly and left a full treasury on his death in 1509.



      HENRY VII

      BORN: 28 JANUARY 1457
      SUCCEEDED: 22 AUGUST 1485
      DIED: 21 APRIL 1509

      The battle was over. On a stretch of high ground in the midland heart of the kingdom twenty thousand men had met in fierce, clumsy combat, and the day had ended in the decisive defeat of the stonger army. Its leader, the King, had been killed fighting heroically, and men had seen his naked corpse slung across his horse's back and borne away to an obscure grave. His captains were dead, captured, or in flight, his troops broken and demoralized. But in the victor's army all was rejoicing. In following the claimant to the throne his supporters had chosen the winning side, and when they saw the golden circlet which had fallen from the King's head placed upon their leader's, their lingering doubts fled before the conviction that God had blessed his cause, and they hailed him joyously as their sovereign.

      The day was 22 August 1485; the battlefield was to be named after the small neighboring town of Market Bosworth; the fallen King was the third and ablest of English monarchs who bore the name Richard; and the man whom the battle made a king was to be the seventh and perhaps the greatest of those who bore the name Henry.

      S.T. Bindoff Tudor England PROLOGUE: 1485

      The very fact that Henry Tudor became King of England at all is somewhat of a miracle. His claim to the English throne was tenuous at best. His father was Edmund Tudor, a Welshman of Welsh royal lineage, but that was not too important as far as his claim to the English throne went. What was important though was his heritage through his mother, Margaret Beaufort, a descendant of Edward III. This descent from King Edward was through his third son, John of Guant. John's third wife, Katherine Swynford had borne him several children as his mistress before he married her. The children born before the marriage were later legitmized, but barred from the succession. Margaret Beaufort was descended from one of the children born before the marriage of John and Katherine.

      By 1485 the Wars of the Roses had been raging in England for many years between the Houses of York and Lancaster. The Lancastrian Henry later took for his bride Elizabeth of York thereby uniting the houses.

      The real matter was decided on the battlefield, at the Battle of Bosworth Field. It was here that Henry and his forces met with Richard III and Henry won the crown. (see quotation above) It was truly through the defeat of Richard and the 'right of conquest' that Henry claimed the throne. It was solidified however, by his marriage to Elizabeth of York, the eldest child of the late King Edward IV.

      The main problem facing Henry was restoring faith and strength in the monarchy. He also had to deal with other claimants, with some of them having a far stronger claim than his own. To deal with this, Henry strengthened the government and his own power, at the expense of the nobles. Henry also had to deal with a treasury that was nearly bankrupt. The English monarchy had never been one of the wealthiest of Europe and even more so after the War of the Roses. Through his monetary strategy, Henry managed to steadily accumulate wealth during his reign, so that by the time he died, he left a considerable fortune to his son, Henry VIII.

      It could be debated whether or not Henry VII was a great king, but he was clearly a successful king. He had several goals that he had accomplished by the end of his reign. He had established a new dynasty after 30 years of struggle, he had strengthened the judicial system as well as the treasury and had successfully denied all the other claimants to his throne. The monarchy that he left to his son was a fairly secure one and most definitely a wealthy one.

      Henry had seven children by Elizabeth of York, four of whom survived infancy: Arthur, who died shortly after his marriage to Catherine of Aragon (a point of some importance during "The Divorce"), Henry, Margaret and Mary.

      + + + + + + +

      There were four children of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, by his mistress, Catherine (Roet) Swynford, whom Gaunt later married (on 13 January 1396) as his third wife, at which time their four (grown) children were legitimized, taking the surname Beaufort. After John of Gaunt's death, however, the four Beauforts were barred from succession to the English throne by their half-brother King
      Henry IV. Nevertheless, John Beaufort's (the eldest of the four children) great-grandson Henry (VII) Tudor was able to win the throne in 1485 partly by virtue of his descent, through John Beaufort from the Lancastrian Plantagenets. (it also helped enormously that he married a Yorkist Plantagenet Princess).

      REF: British Monarchy Official Website:

      Although supported by Lancastrians and Yorkists alienated by Richard III's usurpation, Henry VII's first task was to secure his position. In 1486 he married Elizabeth of York, eldest daughter of Edward IV, thus uniting the Houses of York and Lancaster. Henry's reign (1485-1509) was troubled by revolts, sometimes involving pretenders (such as Perkin Warbeck and Lambert Simnel) who impersonated Edward V or his brother. In 1485, Henry formed a personal bodyguard from his followers known as the 'Yeomen of the Guard' (the oldest military corps in existence today).

      Henry strengthened the power of the monarchy by using traditional methods of government to tighten royal administration and increase revenues (reportedly including a daily examination of accounts). Royal income rose from an annual average of £52,000 to £142,000 by the end of Henry's reign. Little cooperation between king and parliament was required; during Henry's reign of 24 years, seven parliaments sat for some ten and a half months. Henry used dynastic royal marriages to establish his dynasty in England, and help maintain peace. One daughter, Margaret, was married to James IV of Scotland (from whom Mary, Queen of Scots and her son, James VI of Scotland and James I of England, were descended); the other daughter married Louis XII of France. Henry spent money shrewdly and left a full treasury on his death in 1509.

      Original individual @I34373@ (@MS_BIGGED.GED0@) merged with @I12492@ (@MS_BIGGED.GED0@)